NGO Unveils Korea Counter-Terrorism Act Issue in UN

3월 21st, 2016 | Posted by admin in Activities

NGO Unveils Korea Counter-Terrorism Act Issue in UN

스크린샷 2016-03-21 오후 1.53.58

People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD) made the statement jointly with MINBYUN-Lawyers for a Democratic Society, on behalf of 52 South Korean NGOs in 31st Regular Session of the UN Human Rights Council on Thursday, 10 March 2016. This statement has been issued during the ‘Interactive Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism’.

Through this statement, NGOs including MINBYUN mentioned that they welcomed the report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism (A/HRC/31/65) and shared the view that countering client extremism must focus on addressing the underlying causes, while more repressive, security-based approaches would have the reverse effect. They also mentioned that The Counter-Terrorism Act which had been enacted in the Republic of Korea on 2 March 2016, was a disturbing example. In detail, they also pointed out that the broad and vague definition of “terrorism” and “terrorist” in the Act could result in arbitrary interpretation. At the end of the utterance, they questioned about what kind of consultations the State should have with relevant stakeholders before enacting the Counter-terrorism Act. They further recommended the government of Republic of Korea to immediately repeal the Counter-Terrorism Act 
and to establish strong measures to prevent abuse of power by the Government body, who is in charge of counter-terrorism.

 

▣ Attachment 1. English Version of the oral statement

31st Regular Session of the UN Human Rights Council

Item 3: Promotion and Protection of all Human Rights, Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, including the Right to Development

Interactive Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism

Oral Statement Delivered by Ms. Gayoon Baek on Behalf of

People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD) and

MINBYUN-Lawyers for a Democratic Society

Thursday, 10 March 2016

 

Thank you, Mr. President. People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD) makes this statement jointly with MINBYUN-Lawyers for a Democratic Society, on behalf of 52 South Korean NGOs.

 

We welcome the report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism (A/HRC/31/65) and share the view that countering violent extremism must focus on addressing the underlying causes, while more repressive, security-based approaches would have the reverse effect. Counter-terrorism and national security measures have tightened around the world, which has resulted in undue attempts to illegally or arbitrarily limit fundamental rights and freedoms.

 

The Counter-Terrorism Act enacted in the Republic of Korea on 2 March 2016, is a disturbing example. The Republic of Korea already has an established system to address “terrorism” spread over various laws and instruments, including the National Security Act, Aviation Safety and Security Act, and Act on Prohibiting Against the Financing of Acts of Threats and Expansion of Weapons of Mass Destruction against General Public. While the long-standing criticisms and concerns on the National Security Act continue and remain unaddressed, as it is viewed to be a law that restrict the work of human rights defenders, the new Counter-Terrorism Act will only serve to further violate the freedom of expression and right to privacy.

 

The broad and vague definition of “terrorism” and “terrorist” in the Act can result in arbitrary interpretation. According to article 2(3) of the Act, a “potential terrorist” includes anyone “who is reasonably believed to have prepared, conspired, propagated, or incited terrorism.”, without a clear reference on the process of assigning and delisting a potential terrorist. This is particularly concerning, considering that the Government has many times labeled peaceful protests as “acts of terror” and a lack of a minimum safeguard for de-listing.

 

In addition, the Act strengthens the authority of the National Intelligence Service (NIS) to an unprecedented level. Under the Act, once listed as a potential terrorist, the NIS can extensively collect personal information, including sensitive information and location data, wiretap, tail, and even apply financial sanctions. The NIS has been well known for violating human rights even before this power is given, such as the illegal intervention to the 2012 Presidential Election and false accusation against a DPRK defector of espionage in 2014. Considering that safeguards to manage and monitor such abuse of power are highly insufficient, we note with grave concern that this new legislation will be a tool to facilitate illegal intervention to people’s private life.

 

Therefore, we would like to ask the Special Rapporteur:

•    What kind of consultations should the State have with relevant stakeholders before enacting the Counter-terrorism Act?

 

Also, we would like to recommend the Government of the Republic of Korea:

•    Immediately repeal the Counter-Terrorism Act

•    Establish strong measures to prevent abuse of power by the Government body who is in charge of counter-terrorism

 

Thank you.

This statement is endorsed by below 52 South Korean NGOs:

Alliance for Enactment of Anti-Discrimination Act, Ansan Labor and Human Rights Center, Buddhism Human Rights Committee, Catholic Human Rights Committee, Cheongju Labor Human Rights Center, Cultural Action, DASAN Human Rights Center, Democratic Legal Studies Association, Disability and Human Rights in Action, Disabled People’s International Daegu, Geochang Peace and Human Rights Art Festival Commission, Gwangju Human Rights Activities Center, Human Rights Education Center ‘Deul’, Human Rights Education Center OnDa, Human Rights Movement Space ‘Hwal’, Human Rights Solidarity for New Society, Incheon Human Rights Film Festival, Joint Committee with Migrants in Korea, Korea HIV/AIDS Network of Solidarity KANOS, Korea Institute of Labor Safety and Health, Korean Confederation of Trade Unions, Korean Contingent Workers’ Center, Korean Council for Democratic Martyr, Korean Gay Men’s Groups ‘Chingusai’, Korean House for International Solidarity, Korean Progressive Network ‘Jinbonet’, Korean Sexual-Minority Culture and Rights Center, Labor Attorneys for Labor Rights, Lesbian Counseling Center in South Korea, Migrants Human Rights Solidarity, MINBYUN-Lawyers for a Democratic Society, Minkahyup Human Rights Group, Network of Accessible Environment for All, Palestine Peace and Solidarity in South Korea, Peace and Human Rights Center in Jeju, People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy, People’s Solidarity for Social Progress, Samsung Labor Watch, SARANGBANG Group for Human Rights, Seoul Human Rights Film Festival, Solidarity against Disability Discrimination, Solidarity for HIV/AIDS Human Rights Nanuri+, Solidarity for LGBT Human Rights of Korea, Solidarity for Peace & Human Rights, Supporters for the Health And Rights of People in the Semiconductor industry, SHARPS, The Committee to Support Imprisoned Workers, The National Council of Churches in Korea Human Rights Center, The Research Institute of the Differently Abled People Rights in Korea, Ulsan Solidarity for Human Rights, Women with Disabilities Empathy, Won Buddhism Human Rights Committee, World Without War

 

▣ Attachment 2. Korean Version of the statement

 

31차 유엔 인권이사회 테러방지 특별보고관과

문화적 권리 특별보고관과의 상호대화

(2016년 3월 10일)

참여연대와 민주사회를위한변호사모임 공동발언문

감사합니다. 의장님.

 

참여연대와 민주사회를위한변호사모임은 한국 52개 시민사회‧인권단체의 입장을 대변하여 본 공동발언문을 발표합니다.

우리는 이번 테러방지 특별보고관의 보고서(A/HRC/31/65)를 환영하며, 특히 폭력적인 극단주의에 대한 대응이 효과적이기 위하여서는 근본적인 원인을 개선하는데 집중해야 하고 안보에 기반한 억압적인 접근법은 극단주의를 강화하는 역효과를 발생시킨다는 점에 공감합니다. 전 세계적으로 테러방지와 국가안보를 위한 조치들이 강화되고 있는 가운데, 기본적 인권과 자유를 불법적이거나 자의적으로 위축하려는 시도들에 대해 시사하는 바가 큽니다.

 

이러한 맥락에서 지난 3월 2일 대한민국 국회를 통과한 테러방지법은 좋지 않은 예시입니다. 이미 대한민국에는 국가보안법, 항공보안법, 공중등협박목적자금조달금지법 등 다수의 법률과 기구에 걸친 테러방지 제도가 있습니다. 인권옹호자들의 활동을 제약한다는 점에서 국가보안법에 대한 오래된 우려와 비판이 여전히 지속되고 있는 가운데, 새로운 테러방지법은 표현의 자유와 프라이버시 권리를 더욱 악화시킬 것입니다.

 

‘테러’ 및 ‘테러위험인물’의 포괄적이고 모호한 개념은 자의적 해석을 낳을 수 있습니다. 동법 상 ‘테러위험인물’에 “기타 테러 예비, 음모, 선전, 선동을 하였다고 의심할 만한 상당한 이유가 있는 이들”이 모두 포함되는데, 이들의 지정과 해제에는 명확한 절차가 없습니다(2조3항). 특히 정부가 과거 여러 차례 평화적 시위를 ‘테러 행위’로 규정했었다는 점과 지정의 해제에 관한 최소한의 안전장치가 포함되어 있지 않다는 점을 감안했을 때 이는 매우 우려스럽습니다.

 

또한, 테러방지법에 따른 국가정보원(이하 국정원)의 권한 강화는 국제적으로도 전례가 없습니다. 국정원이 ‘테러위험인물’로 의심하는 사람에 대해서는 ‘민감정보’를 포함한 개인정보와 위치정보의 포괄적 수집, 도·감청, 미행, 그리고 지급정지 같은 금융제재도 가할 수 있습니다. 국정원은 이러한 권한이 주어지기 이전에도 이미 2012년 대선불법개입, 2014년 탈북자간첩조작사건 등 인권 침해 사건으로 잘 알려졌습니다. 그러나 이러한 활동내용을 감독‧감찰하여 권한남용을 방지할 안전장치는 충분하지 않은 상태라는 것을 고려할 때, 우리는 이번 새로운 테러방지법 입법이 개인의 사생활에 대한 불법적 개입을 용이하게 하는 수단이 될 것이라고 우려를 전달하고자 합니다.

 

그래서 테러방지 특별보고관께 여쭙니다.

· 테러방지법 제정 전 이해관계자들과 협의는 어떤 방식으로 이루어져야 합니까?

 

또한 한국 정부에 권고하고 싶습니다.

·테러금지법을 즉시 폐기할 것
·테러방지 관련 주요 국가기관이 권한을 남용하지 않도록 조치를 마련할 것. 

 

감사합니다

 

이 성명은 한국 52개 시민사회‧인권단체가 연명하였습니다.

 

거창평화인권예술제위원회, 광주인권운동센터, 구속노동자후원회, 국제민주연대, 노동인권실현을위한노무사모임, 다산인권센터, 문화연대, 민족민주열사희생자추모(기념)단체 연대회의, 민주사회를위한변호사모임, 민주주의법학연구회, 민주화실천가족운동협의회, 반도체 노동자의 건강과 인권지킴이 반올림, 불교인권위원회, 빈곤과차별에저항하는인권운동연대, 사회진보연대, 삼성노동인권지킴이, 새사회연대, 서울인권영화제, 안산노동인권센터, 외국인이주노동운동협의회, 울산인권운동연대, 원불교인권위원회, 이주인권연대, 인권교육 온다, 인권교육센터‘들’, 인권운동공간 ‘활’, 인권운동사랑방, 인천인권영화제, 장애물없는생활환경시민연대, 장애여성공감, 장애와인권발바닥행동, 장애우권익문제연구소, 전국민주노동조합총연맹, 전국장애인차별철폐연대, 전북평화와인권연대, 전쟁없는세상, 제주평화인권센터, 진보네트워크센터, 참여연대, 천주교인권위원회, 청주노동인권센터, 팔레스타인평화연대, 한국게이인권운동단체 친구사이, 한국교회인권센터, 한국노동안전보건연구소, 한국레즈비언상담소, 한국비정규노동센터, 한국성적소수자문화인권센터, 한국DPI, 한국HIV/AIDS감염인연대 KANOS, 행동하는성소수자인권연대, HIV/AIDS인권연대나누리+

 

You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 Both comments and pings are currently closed.